FOUND IN: BRAZIL, SPAIN, RUSSIA, SCOTLAND & USA
Citrine is one of the most popular gemstones available today. It belongs to the very large family of quartz (SiO2) gemstones. More specifically, it is the yellow to golden-orange variety of gemstone-quality macrocrystalline quartz (silicon dioxide). The name ‘Citrine’ was derived from ‘Citron’, a French word meaning ‘lemon’, although its color tends to be more golden rather than lemon-yellow.
Natural Citrine is actually quite rare and because it is more valuable than most other varieties of quartz, much of the citrine today is actually heat-treated to obtain their attractive golden color. Almost all heated citrine will exhibit reddish tints. Citrine is very closely related to violet-purple amethyst, another variety of macrocrystalline quartz. The only difference between citrine and amethyst is the oxidation level of iron ions (Fe3) present in colorless quartz crystal. When quartz is heated, iron impurities are reduced, resulting in less violet-purple color and more golden to orange colors. Ametrine is the natural bicolor combination of both golden citrine and violet amethyst in a single specimen.
Sunny Citrine is one of the only gemstones that dispels and dissipates most any and all negative energy, yet never requires cleansing or clearing. Emitting a warm energy that promotes joy and optimism, it attracts abundance as well, warding off depression, stress and general unhappiness.
Citrine has been commonly known by the names “Success Stone”, “Abundance Stone”, and “Merchants Stone”, told in lore to promote success and abundance specifically in business and commerce. If placed where one conducts business or in the ‘Wealth Corner’ of one’s home, it is said to not only acquire positive wealth, but the ability to maintain it as well.
Citrine enhances the whole body’s healing energy, opening the conscious mind to intuition, and directing creative energy into the open mind. It is said to help one adjust and adapt to changes and to process those changes, feeling confident and secure in the process. It’s warm radiating energy may aid in voice projection, which also helps to boost one’s self esteem.
Color: Light Yellow to Gold-Brown
Color of streak: White
Moh’s hardness: 7
Specific gravity: 2.65
Fracture: Conchoidal, Very Brittle
Crystal system: Hexagonal (Trigonal), Hexagonal Prisms with Pyramids
Chemical composition: SiO2 Silicon Dioxide
Refractive index: 1.544-1.553
Double refraction: +0.009
Pleochroism: Natural: Weak, Yellow-Light Yellow. Heat Treated: None
Absorption spectrum: Not Useable